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Understanding The BOI Form Requirement For Small Businesses

by , | Updated: Apr 18, 2024 | Published: Jan 23, 2024 | Insights

boi form irs requirement

Understanding The BOI Form Requirement For Small Businesses

What You Need To Know About The New Beneficial Ownership Information Reporting Requirement Effective January 1, 2024

 

As of January 1, 2024, small businesses will be required to file a new form called the Beneficial Ownership Information Form or BOI. This new reporting requirement was enacted as part of the 2021 National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) and as an amendment to the prior Bank Secrecy Act (BSA). This Corporate Transparency Act (CTA) is meant to close the information gap around small businesses’ involvement in money laundering and illicit acts such as hiding gains through the use of shell companies and other opaque ownership structures.

This reporting is being overseen by the Financial Crimes Enforcement Network (FinCEN) which is a part of the US Department of Treasury. In order to clarify this new reporting requirement, we have compiled a list of answers to the common questions surrounding these changes.

Who Must File a BOI?

Corporations, Limited Liability Companies (LLCs), or any business created by filing a formation document with a secretary of state are required to file a BOI form with FinCEN. Unfortunately, this definition is very inclusive and means that one of the most common entity types (single member LLCs) will need to file.

These businesses are referred to as “reporting companies”. There are certain companies that are exempt from filing the BOI despite meeting this requirement. This is due to other reporting requirements that are deemed as more stringent than the BOI form.

These exempt companies include banks, securities reporting issuers, government authorities, money services businesses, accounting firms, public utilities, tax-exempt entities, large operating companies, and financial companies. Sole proprietorships are not considered reporting companies unless the sole proprietorship was created in the US by filing documents with the secretary of state.

How Often Must I File a BOI?

There are different requirements for companies created or registered before January 1, 2024, and those created or registered during 2024. For a reporting company created or registered to do business before January 1, 2024, the initial forms are due by January 1, 2025. A reporting company created or registered in 2024 has 90 calendar days to file after receiving notice that the registration is effective. While it isn’t relevant right now, it is worth noting that companies formed after January 1, 2025 will only have 30 days to file the BOI form.

when to file BOI form

The good news is that once this BOI form is filed, it is not necessary to correct it unless the ownership of your company or its location changes. Every subsequent form is due 30 days preceding a change in the reported information. As a result, this report does not need to be filed annually like a tax return. Instead, it only needs to be filed along with changes to a company’s structure or location.

How Do I File My BOI?

There are two ways you can file your BOI form. The first way is to download the FinCEN BOI PDF form and then upload the PDF to the FinCEN website. The second way is to complete the form directly on the FinCEN website: BOI E-FILING (fincen.gov)

There is no filing fee for this form, it is completely free. Please be sure to use the website listed above, as there might be fraudulent websites claiming they can file this form for a fee.

What Information Will I need to File My BOI?

The BOI is purely an informational report and is therefore relatively straightforward to complete. You will need:

  • The legal name of your business
  • EIN number and legal business address
  • Your FinCEN ID number if you have one (if not you are able to request one on your initial filing of the BOI)
  • General information regarding the jurisdiction where your business was formed (i.e. It was formed in Texas).

You will also need to fill out some personal information on the owners and beneficial owners of the company. Beneficial owners are defined as those owners who can directly or indirectly exercise control over the reporting company or who owns or controls 25% or more of the reporting company’s ownership interest. Each person listed on the BOI will need to provide:

  • Their full legal name
  • Date of birth
  • Home address
  • A form of identification such as a driver’s license or passport.

BOI beneficial owner information form requirements

FAQs

What specific criteria define a “beneficial owner” for the purposes of this requirement?

A “beneficial owner” is typically defined under such regulations as any individual who, directly or indirectly, owns 25% or more of the equity interests of the company or exercises significant control over the company. This can include individuals who have significant responsibility to control, manage, or direct a legal entity customer, including an executive officer or senior manager. The criteria aim to uncover the actual individuals who benefit from or have significant influence over the company, beyond just the named owners or managers.

Are there any penalties for non-compliance or submitting inaccurate information?

Regarding penalties for non-compliance or submitting inaccurate information, the regulations typically enforce strict penalties to ensure adherence. These can include substantial fines or even criminal charges, depending on the severity and intentionality of the non-compliance. The goal is to deter businesses from either neglecting their reporting obligations or attempting to obscure their true ownership.

How will the information submitted through the BOI form be used by FinCEN, and what measures are in place to protect this sensitive information?

As for the use and protection of the information submitted through the BOI form, FinCEN is tasked with using this data to aid in the prevention of financial crimes, such as money laundering and terrorism financing. The agency is expected to maintain stringent security measures to protect this sensitive information, including access controls, encryption, and other cybersecurity protocols. The information is used by law enforcement and regulatory agencies to investigate and prosecute financial crimes, but access is tightly regulated to prevent misuse or unauthorized disclosure.

 

Need Help?

Third Parties such as CPAs can help you file this form if you request it, but they may charge you for their time.

Here at Rhame & Gorrell we have two CPAs on staff that are more than happy to help our clients determine if they are required to file a BOI as well as walk them through this new process.

If you would like some assistance from one of our CPAs or CERTIFIED FINANCIAL PLANNER (CFP®) advisors, the Rhame & Gorrell Wealth Management team is here to help.

Feel free to contact us at (832) 789-1100, [email protected], or click one of the buttons below to ask a question or schedule your complimentary strategy session today.

 

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CLAY HOSTETTER, CPA/PFS, CFP®, CIMA®

Tax Planning Manager
Clay grew up and went to high school in Roswell, Georgia. After High School, Clay attended Baylor University in Waco. While at Baylor, Clay was heavily involved with the local Waco youth through Young Life.

Clay graduated from Baylor with his Master's of Accounting in the winter of 2018. Clay took a job out of college with Deloitte working in the Multistate Tax Services group. While Clay loved the data analytics and research aspects of working at Deloitte, he realized that his skills were better used working with individuals directly. He took this passion and worked for a small Houston-based accounting firm, Cook, Johnston & Co. CPAs. At Cook, Johnston &Co., Clay worked on hundreds of individual and business tax returns. This included Income/Franchise tax, Payroll tax, and Sales tax returns. Working with his individual clients made Clay realize he would love to enter a career in financial services.

Clay has earned his Certified Public Accountant (CPA), Certified Financial Planner (CFP®), and Certified Investment Management Analyst (CIMA®) designations. He has also acquired his Personal Financial Specialist (PFS) designation.


JEFFREY G RHAME, CFP®

Managing Director & Senior Wealth Manager

Jeff Rhame is one of the founders and President of Rhame & Gorrell Wealth Management. Jeff’s vision for starting Rhame & Gorrell was to deliver wealth management services and investment strategies typically available at the highest levels of wealth. Today, clients benefit from these sophisticated financial services, targeted to meet their unique needs.

Jeff leads a team of investment specialists that develop asset allocation strategies for high-net worth families. They seek out the most appropriate investment ingredients and then construct portfolios to meet our clients’ goals from income generation and capital preservation to tax-efficiency and growth.

Jeff has been honored with Top Professional’s Five Star Wealth Managers, recognized by The Wall Street Journal and Texas Monthly, for the last 10 years in a row and twice as Best of The Woodlands – Top Financial Advisors and Planners by Woodlands Online. For over 15 years, Jeff served as an adjunct professor for the University of Houston and Lone Star College Systems, teaching classes on Investment Management and Estate & Insurance Planning. As a member of the Financial Planning Association, he has also taught, and continues to teach, on & off-site retirement workshops for the employees of many Fortune 500 companies, such as ExxonMobil, Chevron.

Jeff is proudly serving as a member of three organizations: Memorial Hermann Hospital’s Advisory Board in The Woodlands, The Nelson Rusche College of Business Executive Advisory Board at Stephen F. Austin State University, and as the Vice-Chairman of the Tall Timbers District of The Boy Scouts of America.

Jeff received a degree in Accounting from Stephen F. Austin State University, and through post graduate work at The University of Houston, achieved his status as a CERTIFIED FINANCIAL PLANNER™ practitioner.

 

 

IMPORTANT DISCLOSURES:

Rhame & Gorrell Wealth Management, LLC (“RGWM”) is an SEC registered investment adviser with its principal place of business in the State of Texas. Registration as an investment adviser is not an endorsement by securities regulators and does not imply that RGWM has attained a certain level of skill, training, or ability.

This material has been prepared for informational purposes only, and is not intended to provide, and should not be relied on for, tax, legal or accounting advice. You should consult your own CPA or tax professional before engaging in any transaction.

For additional information about RGWM, including fees and services, send for our Firm Disclosure Brochures as set forth on Form ADV Part 2A and Part 3 by contacting the Firm directly. You can also access our Firm Brochures at www.adviserinfo.sec.gov. Please read the disclosure brochures carefully before you invest or send money.

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